TWO POLITICAL PARTIES

A-Historical Explanation:

There is no mention of Political Parties in the US Constitu­tion, and George Washington, who was twice unanimously elected the first president of the country as an indepen­dent, was highly suspicious of them. However, from his first election in 1788-89, there appeared two competing political factions: Federalists and Anti-Federalists, setting the tone for America’s attachment virtually throughout its history to a dual-party political landscape.

 

B. Winner take all elections,
Duverger’s Law:
In presidential elections it is the states that determine how they select their Electors, and today, virtually all the states2 use single round, “winner take all”, referred to as “plurality voting” popular elections for the entire state to choose their Electors…

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